The First Nobel Prize in Physics

The First Nobel Prize in Physics

The First Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded in 1901 to Wilhelm Röntgen – physician and physicist for his discovery of the X-rays by the Germans. You know that this discovery has led to tremendous advances in the medical field and that these rays can penetrate the body and help to record photographs of bones.

The 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Marie Curie, a Polish-born woman scientist, and her husband Pierre, a French scientist, for their discovery of radioactivity. It is noteworthy that he is still the only scientist to have won the Nobel Prize in both physics and chemistry. His discovery of radium marked a turning point in the treatment of cancer, which is considered a life-threatening disease.

Wilhelm Röntgen
Wilhelm Röntgen

The basic unit for measuring radiation is called “Curie“, which is reminiscent of Mercury’s. In 1915 the prize for physics was jointly given to a father and son. They are William Henry Brock (father) and William Lawrence Brock (25 year old son). They discovered the method.


In 1921 Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery of a theory of physics. It is said that this theory was understood by very few at the time. Einstein has written several books. His Theory of Relativity was one of the great revolutionaries in the field of physics. It laid the foundation for the atomic bomb, by clarifying the equation that connects mass and energy. Although he wanted his discovery to be used only for constructive scientific research, despite his objections, the fact that atomic bombs were made and used in World War II was an event that caused a nod to humanity. Einstein, who sought to explain his theory of relativity at a meeting, noted the following with a taste for jewelry. But let him sit on a hot stove; then a
minute is an hour visible. This is the theory of relativity.

Jagadish Chandra Bose, a notable figure in Indian physics, was famous in the field of biology
but was the one who spawned wireless telegraphy through his discoveries about radio waves.

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